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Acta Physiol Scand. Weathertight means that in any sea conditions water will not penetrate into the ship. Where, in the case of any ship whether of less than Fish oil prevents the adrenal activation elicited by mental stress in healthy men.

Regulation 4.

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Exemptions1 a A ship which is not normally engaged on international voyages but which, in exceptional circumstances, is required to undertake a single international voyage may be exempted by the Administration from any of the requirements of the present Regulations provided that it complies with safety requirements which are adequate in the opinion of the Administration for the voyage which is to be undertaken by the ship.

Any such ship shall, however, comply with safety requirements which, in the opinion of that Administration, are adequate for the service for which it is intended and are such as to ensure the overall safety of the ship and which are acceptable to the Governments of the States to be thermo ax fat burner review by the ship.

The Administration which allows any such exemption shall communicate to the Organization particulars of same and the reasons therefor which the Organization shall circulate to the Contracting Governments for their information. Regulation 5. Equivalents a Where the present regulations require that a particular fitting, material, appliance or apparatus, or type thereof, shall be fitted or carried in a ship, or that any particular provision shall be made, the Administration may allow any other fitting, material, appliance or apparatus, or type thereof, to be fitted or carried, or any other provision to be made in that ship, if it is satisfied by trial thereof or otherwise that such fitting, material, appliance or apparatus, or type thereof, or provision, is at least as effective as that required by the present regulations.

Part B. Inspection and survey1 a The inspection and survey of ships, so far as regards the enforcement of the provisions of the present regulations and the granting of exemptions therefrom, shall be carried out by officers of the Administration. The Administration may, however, entrust the inspections and surveys either to surveyors nominated for the purpose or to organizations recognized by it.

Such inspections shall ensure that the ship and its equipment remain in all respects satisfactory for the service for which the ship is intended. Where the Administration, under the provisions of regulations 8 and 10 of this chapter, establishes mandatory annual surveys, the above unscheduled inspections shall not be obligatory.

1974. a «Rahvusvahelise konventsiooni inimelude ohutusest merel» 1978. a protokoll

The Administration shall notify the Organization of the specific responsibilities and conditions of the authority delegated to nominated surveyors or recognized organizations. If such corrective action is not taken the relevant certificate should be withdrawn and the Administration shall be notified immediately; and, if the ship is in the port of another Party, the appropriate authorities of the port State shall also be notified immediately.

When an officer of the Administration, a nominated surveyor or recognized organization has notified the appropriate authorities of the port State, the Government of the port State concerned shall give such officer, surveyor or organization any necessary assistance to carry out their obligations under this regulation.

When applicable, the Government of the port State concerned shall ensure that the ship shall not sail until it can proceed to sea, or leave port for the purpose of proceeding to the appropriate repair yard, without danger to the ship or persons on board. Regulation 7. Surveys of passenger ships a A passenger ship shall be subjected to the surveys specified below: i A survey before the ship is put in service.

This survey shall be such as to ensure that the arrangements, material, and scantlings of the structure, boilers and other pressure vessels and their appurtenances, main and auxiliary machinery, electrical installation, radio installations including those used in life-saving appliances, fire protection, fire safety systems and appliances, life-saving appliances and arrangements, shipborne navigational equipment, nautical publications, means of embarkation for pilots and other equipment, fully comply with the requirements of the present regulations, and of the laws, decrees, orders and regulations promulgated as a result thereof by the Administration for ships of the service for which it is intended.

The survey shall also be such as to ensure that the workmanship of all parts of the ship and its equipment is in all respects satisfactory, and that the ship is provided with thermo ax fat burner review lights, shapes, means of making sound signals and distress signals as required by the provisions of the present regulations and the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea in force.

The survey shall be such as to ensure that the ship, as regards the structure, boilers and other pressure vessels and their appurtenances, main and auxiliary machinery, electrical installation, radio installation, radiotelegraph installations in motor lifeboats, portable radio apparatus for survival craft, life-saving appliances, fire-protection, fire-detecting and extinguishing appliances, radar, echo-sounding device, gyro-compass, pilot ladders, mechanical pilot hoists and other equipment, is in satisfactory condition and fit for the service for which it is intended, and that it complies with the requirements of the present regulations, and of the laws, decrees, orders and regulations promulgated as a result thereof by the Administration.

The lights, shapes and means of making sound signals and the distress signals carried by the ship shall also be subject to the above-mentioned survey for the purpose of ensuring that they comply with the requirements of the present regulations and of the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea in force. The survey shall be such as to ensure that the necessary repairs or renewals have been effectively made, that the material and workmanship of such repairs or renewals are in all respects satisfactory, and that the ship complies in all respects with the provisions of the present regulations and of the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea in force, and of the laws, decrees, orders and regulations promulgated as a result thereof by the Administration.

P c i The laws, decrees, orders and regulations referred to in paragraph b of this regulation shall be in all respects such as to ensure that, from the point of view of safety of life, kaalulangus kulmapakenditega ship is fit for the service for which it is intended.

Regulation 8P. Surveys of life-saving appliances and other equipment of cargo ships a The life-saving appliances and arrangements except radio installationsthe shipborne navigational equipment and the fire safety systems and appliances of cargo ships of tons gross tonnage and upwards to which chapters II-1, II-2, III and V apply, shall be subject to initial and subsequent surveys as prescribed for passenger ships in regulation 7 of this chapter with the substitution of 24 months for 12 months in subparagraph a II of that regulation.

The fire control plans in new ships and means of embarkation of pilots, nautical publications, lights, shapes and means of making sound signals carried phd max tugevus rasva poletid new and existing ships shall be included in the surveys for the purpose of ensuring that they comply fully with the requirements of the present regulations and, where applicable, the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea in thermo ax fat burner review.

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Such intermediate surveys shall be endorsed on the Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificate issued in accordance with regulation 12 a iii of this chapter.

Regulation 9. Surveys of radio installations of cargo ships The radio installations of cargo ships, including those used in life-saving appliances, to which chapters III and IV apply, shall be subject to initial and subsequent surveys as provided for passenger ships in regulation 7 of this chapter.

Regulation 10P. Surveys of hull, machinery and equipment of cargo ships a The hull, machinery and equipment other than items in respect of which Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificates or Cargo Ship Safety Radio Certificates are issued of a cargo ship shall be surveyed on completion and thereafter in such a manner as the Administration may consider necessary in order to ensure that their condition is in all respects satisfactory and at the following intervals: i at intervals specified by the Administration but not exceeding five years periodical surveys ; ii in addition to such periodical surveys a tanker of ten years of age and over shall undergo a minimum of one intermediate survey during the period of validity of its Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate.

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If, upon examination, there should be any doubt as to the condition of the piping, extra measures, such as pressure tests and thickness determination, shall be taken as necessary.

Such intermediate surveys shall be endorsed on the Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate issued in accordance with regulation 12 a ii of this chapter. The survey shall be such as to ensure that the necessary repairs or renewals have been effectively made, that the material and workmanship of such repairs or renewals are in all respects satisfactory, and that the ship is fit to proceed to sea without danger to the ship or persons on board.

Regulation 11P. Maintenance of conditions after survey a The condition of the ship and its equipment shall be maintained to conform with the provisions of the present regulations to ensure that the ship thermo ax fat burner review all respects will remain fit to proceed to sea without danger to the ship or persons on board.

If the ship is in a port of another Party, the master or owner shall also report immediately to the appropriate authorities of the port State and the nominated surveyor or recognized organization shall ascertain that such a report has been made.

Regulation Issue of certificates1 a i A certificate called a Passenger Ship Safety Certificate shall be issued after inspection and survey to a passenger ship which complies with the requirements of chapters II-1, II-2, III and IV and any other relevant requirements of the present regulations.

In every case, that Administration assumes full responsibility for the certificate. Issue of certificate by another Government A Thermo ax fat burner review Government1 may, at the request of the Administration, cause a ship to be surveyed and, if satisfied that the requirements of the present regulations are complied with, shall issue certificates to the ship in accordance with the present regulations.

Any certificate so issued must contain a statement to the effect that it has been issued at the request of the Government of the State whose flag the ship is or will be entitled to fly and it shall have the same force and receive the same recognition as a certificate issued under regulation 12 of this chapter.

Duration and validity of certificates1 a Certificates other than the Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate, the Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificate and any Exemption Certificate shall be issued for a period not exceeding 12 months.

The Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate shall be issued for a period not exceeding five years. Exemption Certificates shall not be valid for longer than the period of the certificates to which they refer. A new certificate shall only be issued when the Government issuing the new certificate is fully satisfied that the ship is in compliance with the requirements of regulation 11 a and b of this chapter.

In the case of a transfer between Parties, if requested within three months after the transfer has taken place, the Government of the Party whose flag the ship was formerly entitled to fly shall, as soon as possible, transmit to the Administration copies of the certificates carried by the ship before the transfer and, if available, copies of the relevant survey reports.

Form of certificates a All certificates shall be drawn up in the official language or languages of the country by which they are issued. The arrangement of the printed part of the model certificates shall be exactly reproduced in the certificates issued, or in certified copies thereof, and the particulars inserted in the certificates issued, or in certified copies thereof, shall be in Roman characters and Arabic figures.

Posting up of certificates All certificates or certified copies thereof issued under the present regulations shall be posted up in a prominent and accessible place in the ship.

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Acceptance of certificates Certificates issued under the authority of a Contracting Government shall be accepted by the other Contracting Governments for all purposes covered by the present Convention. They shall be regarded by the other Contracting Governments as having the same force as certificates issued by them.

Qualification of certificates a If in the course of a particular voyage a ship has on board a number of persons less than the total number stated in the Passenger Ship Safety Certificate and is in consequence, in accordance with the provisions of the present regulations, free to carry a smaller number of lifeboats and other life-saving appliances than that stated in the certificate, an annex may be issued by the Government, person or organization referred to in regulation 12 or 13 of this chapter.

It shall be annexed to the certificate and shall be substituted for it in so far as the life-saving appliances are concerned. It shall be valid only for the particular voyage for which it is issued.

P Control1 a Every ship when in a port of another Party is subject to control by officers duly authorized by such Government in so far as this control is directed towards verifying that the certificates issued under regulation 12 or regulation 13 of this chapter are valid.

In addition, nominated surveyors or recognized organizations responsible for the issue thermo ax fat burner review the certificates shall also be notified.

The facts concerning the intervention shall be reported to the Organization. If a ship is thereby unduly detained or delayed it shall be entitled to compensation for any loss or damage suffered.

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Privileges The privileges of the present Convention may not be claimed in favour of any ship thermo ax fat burner review it holds appropriate valid certificates. Part C. Casualties a Each Administration undertakes to conduct an investigation of any casualty occurring to any thermo ax fat burner review its ships subject to the provisions of the present Convention when it judges that such an investigation may assist in determining what changes in the present regulations might be desirable.

No reports or recommendations of the Organization based upon such information shall disclose the identity or nationality of the ships concerned or in any manner fix or imply responsibility upon any ship or person. Application 1. Unless expressly provided otherwise, this chapter shall apply to ships the keels of which are laid or which are at a similar stage of construction on or after 1 July For the purpose of this chapter, the term a similar stage of construction means the stage at which:.

For the purpose of this chapter:. Unless expressly provided otherwise, for ships constructed before 1 July the Administration shall ensure that the requirements which are applicable under chapter II-1 of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea,as amended by resolution MSC. All ships which undergo repairs, alterations, modifications and outfitting related thereto shall continue to comply with at least the requirements previously applicable to these ships. Such ships if constructed before 1 July shall, as a rule, comply with the requirements for ships constructed on or after that date to at least the same extent as they did before undergoing such repairs, alterations, modifications or outfitting.

Repairs, alterations and kaalulangus paastumine 3 paeva of a major character and outfitting related thereto shall meet the requirements for ships constructed on or after 1 July in so far as the Administration deems reasonable and practicable. Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 3. The Administration of a State may, if it considers that the sheltered nature and conditions of the voyage are such as to render the application of any specific requirements of this chapter unreasonable or unnecessary, exempt from those requirements individual ships or classes of ships entitled to fly the flag of that State which, in the course of their voyage, do not proceed more than 20 miles from the nearest land.

In the case of passenger ships which are employed in special trades for the carriage of large numbers of special trade passengers, such as the pilgrim trade, the Administration of the State whose flag such ships are entitled to fly, if satisfied that it is impracticable to enforce compliance with the requirements of this chapter, may exempt such ships from those requirements, provided that they comply fully with the provisions of:.

Definitions For the purpose of this chapter, unless expressly provided otherwise: 1. Subdivision load line is a waterline used in determining the subdivision of the ship. Deepest subdivision load line is the waterline which corresponds to the greatest draught permitted by the subdivision requirements which are applicable. Length of the ship is the length measured between perpendiculars taken at the extremities of the deepest subdivision load line.

All findings were confirmed by light and scanning electron microscopy.

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The number of particulate material deposited from patients with Tamm-Horsfall protein was higher than that of the controls P Tamm-Horsfall protein decreased the particle diameter of the stone formers when analyzed by the mode of the volume distribution curve P Tamm-Horsfall protein and uromodulin, respectively; 8.

Uromodulin produced fewer particles than Tamm-Horsfall protein in all groups. Nonetheless, the total volume of the crystals produced by uromodulin was higher than that produced by Tamm-Horsfall protein. Our results indicate a different effect of Tamm-Horsfall protein and uromodulin. Belza A, Jessen AB. Bioactive food stimulants of sympathetic activity: effect on h energy expenditure and fat oxidation. Eur J Clin Nutr. Caterina MJ ym. Impaired nociception and pain sensation in mice lacking the capsaicin receptor.

Dulloo AG, Green tea and thermogenesis: interactions between catechin-polyphenols, caffeine and sympathetic activity. Epel ES ym.

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Stress and body shape: stress-induced cortisol secretion is consistently greater among women with central fat.

Psychosom Med. Hellhammer J ym. Effects of soy lecithin phosphatidic acid and phosphatidylserine complex PAS on the endocrine and psychological responses to mental stress. L-tyrosine potentiates the anorexia induced by mixed-acting sympathomimetic drugs in hyperphagic rats. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. Kobayashi Y. Capsaicin-like anti-obese activities of evodiamine from fruits of Evodia rutaecarpa, a vanilloid receptor agonist. Planta Med. Kovacs E, Mela D. Metabolically active functional food ingredients for weight control.

Obesity Reviews Feb;7 1 Effect of capsaicin on substrate oxidation and weight maintenance after modest body-weight loss in human subjects. Br J Nutr ; Liebermann HR ym.

Tyrosine prevents effects of hyperthermia on behavior and increases norepinephrine.

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Physiol Behav. Epub Dec 8. Effect of short-term high dietary calcium intake on h energy expenditure, fat oxidation, and fecal fat excretion Abstract.

Rosmond R ym. Stress-related cortisol secretion in men: relationships with abdominal obesity and endocrine, metabolic and hemodynamic abnormalities. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. Steptoe A ym.

Artikkel I. Üldkohustused Protokolliosalised kohustuvad järgima protokolli ja selle lisa, mis on protokolli lahutamatu osa. Viide protokollile on ühtaegu viide selle lisale. Artikkel II.

Central adiposity and cortisol responses to waking in middle-aged men and women. L-Carnitine L-tartrate supplementation favorably affects markers of recovery from exercise stress.

Wutzke KD, Lorenz H. The effect of l-carnitine on fat oxidation, protein turnover, and body composition in slightly overweight subjects. Yoshioka M. Effects of red pepper added to high-fat and high-carbohydrate meals on energy metabolism and substrate utilization in Japanese women.

Br J Nutr. Effects of red pepper on appetite and energy intake.

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Yoshizumi M ym. Effect of evodiamine on catecholamine secretion from bovine adrenal medulla. J Med Invest. Zemel MB. The role of dairy foods in weight management. J Am Coll Nutr. Neile vastandlikuks protsessiks kehas on ladustatud rasvade süntees positiivse energiatasakaalu tulemusel, mida omakorda mõjutab küllastatuse reguleerimine. Fast Burner on loodud tõhustama kõiki keha rasva vähendamise komponente ja vähendama rasva ladestuste lisandumismehhanisme. Fast Burneri koostisosad, roheline tee ja selles sisalduvad katehhiinid, L-türosiin, kaltsium, evodiamiin ja L-karnitiin-L-tartraat kiirendavad teaduslike uurimuste põhjal rasvade põletamist 3, 6, 7, 15, Fast Burner sisaldab ka fosfatidüülseriini, mis võib kaudselt vähendada rasva ladestumist organismis 5.

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Fast Burneri aktiivsed aineosad tõhustavad ka sünergiliselt üksteise mõju organismis 1,6. Koostisosade sisaldus on tootes tasemel, mille puhul näib neil olemasolevate uuringute 1 ja kasutajate kogemuste põhjal olevat parim füsioloogiline mõju. Roheline tee sisaldab rohkesti polüfenoolide hulka kuuluvaid katehhiine ja mõningal määral kofeiini 8. Rohkesti katehhiine sisaldav roheline tee suurendab tõendatult sümpaatilise närvisüsteemi aktiivsust ja tunnist energiakulu ning rasvade oksüdeerumist põletamist 3.

Katehhiinid pärsivad ka teatud ensüümi aktiivsust, mis lagundab kiiresti tekkinud noradrenaliini NA 1. NA omakorda suurendab termogeneesi, vabastab põletamiseks rasvhappeid ning parandab küllastustunnet 1mistõttu selle mõju pikendamine suurendab rasva põletamist. Katehhoolamiinide, nagu NA, tekkimist stimuleerib omakorda Fast Burneris sisalduv evodiamiin 18 ja tõenäoliselt ka türosiin 1.

Ka nende mõju suurendavad rohelises tees sisalduvad katehhiinid. Rohelises tees vähesel määral sisalduval kofeiinil on lisaks koos teiste sümpaatilist närvisüsteemi stimuleerivate ainetega termogeneesi tugevdav mõju 1. Termogeneesis juhitakse tavalisest suurem osa energiatoodangust soojuse tootmisse.

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See on keha rasvavarude vähendamiseks tõeliselt hea moodus, sest selle abil vabaneb suurem osa saadud kaloritest soojusena. Evodiamiin on toorestest evodia rutaecarpa viljadest eraldatud bioaktiivne komponent Fast Burner sisaldab evodiamiini selle kapsaitsiinile sarnaneva mõju tõttu 7. Kapsaitsiinil võib omakorda olla pikaajalisel kasutamisel ebameeldivaid kõrvalmõjusid, nt maoärritus 8.

Evoodia viljad ei ole nii põletavad nagu kapsaitsiin 7mistõttu need magu ei ärrita. On leitud, et kapsaitsiin suurendab sümpaatilise närvisüsteemi aktiivsust, energiatarbimist ja teatud uurimuste alusel ka rasvade oksüdeerumist 9, 16, Kapsaitsiini mõju tuleneb tõenäoliselt selle võimest stimuleerida NA eritumist 2.

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Evodiamiin stimuleerib ka katehhoolamiinide, nagu NA, eritumist Evodiamiin stimuleerib lisaks samu vanilloidretseptoreid nagu kapsaitsiin 7. Katsetes rottidega on näidatud, et evodiamiin vähendab rasva ladestumist ja kaalu kasvu, mis tuleneb aine võimest suurendada samaaegselt nii soojatootmist kui ka rasva kadu 7.

Nagu varem juba nimetatud, tõhustavad rohelises tees sisalduvad katehhiinid evodiamiini mõju, mistõttu võib neil koos kasutatuna olla suur mõju rasvade põletamise protsessidele. Türosiin toimib organismis katehhoolamiinide, dopamiini ja NA eelastmena NA süntees armas kaalulanguse ajakirjade ideed närvisüsteemis võib muutuda tõhusamaks, kui antud substraadi kättesaadavus paraneb 1.

On olemas viiteid sellele, et türosiin tugevdab sümpaatilist närvisüsteemi stimuleerivate aineosade mõju energiatasakaalule 6. Toidust saadaval kaltsiumil näib olevat kindel roll energia ainevahetuse reguleerimisel Rohkelt kaltsiumi sisaldav toiduvalik vähendab liigsest saadud energiahulgast tulenevat kaalutõusu, suurendab rasva lagunemist ja väldib ainevahetuse aeglustumist kaalulanguse ajal Selline toime on toidus sisalduva kaltsiumi mõju tulemus rakusisese kaltsiumi kogusele, mis arvatakse reguleerivat rasvade ainevahetust Kaltsium seob ka rasvhappeid maos ja vähendab sellega rasvade imendumist Vadaku valgud ja hargnenud ahelaga aminohapped BCAA muudavad tõhusamaks piimatoodetest saadava kaltsiumi mõju ülekaalu vältimisel 19 ja vähendavad vaevusi 14mis muutuvad kaalulangetamise thermo ax fat burner review tihti tavalisest häirivamaks.

Seetõttu on rasvade põletamiseks mõeldud preparaadis lihasvaevuste vähendaja oluliseks lisakomponendiks. Allikad : 1. Blomstrand E. A role for branched-chain amino acids in reducing central fatigue. J Nutr. Branched-chain amino acids activate key enzymes in protein synthesis after physical exercise. Blomstrand E, Hassmen P. Infl uence of ingesting a solution of branched-chain amino acids on perceived exertion during exercise. Acta Physiol Scand. Crowe MJ.

Effects of dietary leucine supplementation on exercise performance. Eur J Appl Physiol. Epub Oct Groff, J. Advanced Nutrition and Human Metabolism. Wadsworth, USA. Katsanos CS, Kobayashi H ym. A high proportion of leucine is required for optimal stimulation of the rate of muscle protein synthesis by essential amino acids in the elderly.

Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. Epub Feb Combinedingestion of protein and free leucine with carbohydrate increases postexercise muscle protein synthesis in vivo in male subjects. Layman DK. Potential importance of leucine in treatment of obesity and the metabolic syndrome. Leucine supplementation and serum amino acids, testosterone, cortisol and growth hormone in male power athletes during training.

J Sports Med Phys Fitness. Mourier A.